Postcode: 6000  |  Established: 1829


Perth (which includes the Perth Central Business District) is a locality that covers the central inner-city area of the Perth, metropolitan region. Perth is split between the City of Perth and the City of Vincent. The story of the naming of Perth begins with the instructions given to Captain Stirling, Lieutenant Governor designate of the proposed colony of Western Australia, who was given the choice of establishing the chief town on Cockburn Sound, or "on various points on the Swan River".


It has been established that Murray actually gave Stirling explicit instructions, and advised him that failing the establishment of the town at Cockburn Sound, he was to fix the site for it at the confluence of the two rivers, the Swan and the Canning, or in other words, at Point Heathcote. Stirling had good reasons to disobey Murray, but briefly they were that it was that the Perth site was "decidedly preferable in building materials, streams of water, and facility of communication".

Stirling did however gladly comply with Sir George Murray's command that the new town be called Perth. Murray's reasons for choosing the name, Perth, were purely sentimental and quite understandable, for he was both a Perthshire man and represented his birthplace in the House of Commons. The choice suited Stirling, himself a Scotsman, although it is recorded that at least one early settler, William Leake complained to the Home Office about the name. August 12, 1829, marked the day of the founding of the town, when Mrs Helen Dance cut down a tree. August 12 was also the king's (George 4th) birthday.

Built environment
The dominant land use in Perth is commercial. Office buildings include BankWest Tower, QV1 and Central Park - the tallest building in the city and the seventh tallest in Australia.

Significant buildings
The Perth Town Hall, built between 1868 and 1870, was designed as an administrative centre for the newly formed City of Perth. By the late 1950s the Town Hall was considered too small for the council's requirements so Council House, a modernist steel and glass building, was commissioned. Completed in 1960, Council House has divided opinions over its architectural merit. Both the Town Hall and Council House are on the Register of the National Estate.

Perth has a residential population of 6,341. Residents of Perth are drawn from a number of backgrounds - 40% of the population were born in Australia with minorities from England (6.5%), New Zealand (2.4%), Malaysia (2.1%), Vietnam (2.1%) and Italy (1.9%).

Arts and culture
The Perth Cultural Centre includes facilities such as the Art Gallery of Western Australia, the State Library of Western Australia and the Western Australian Museum. The Perth Concert Hall is located on St Georges Terrace.

Three freeways service the suburb - Mitchell Freeway, Kwinana Freeway and Graham Farmer Freeway.

The main east-west streets through the city block are St Georges Terrace, Hay Street, Murray Street and Wellington Street.
The main north-south streets are Barrack Street and William Street.
The streets that have had sections converted to pedestrian malls are Murray Street, Hay Street, and Forrest Place.

Sporting facilities include Perth Oval, the home ground of soccer team Perth Glory.[14] Under construction on Wellington Street, Perth is the Perth Arena, an indoor stadium designed to host indoor sports such as tennis and basketball.[15] Tennis clubs are located at Robertson Park and Loton Park.


Local Schools

Mercedes Ladies College

North Perth P.S.

Alexander Technology Institute



Other Nearby Schools

Our Ladys Assumption School (Dianella)

Trinity College (East Perth)

Sacred Heart Primary School (Highgate)

Aranmore (Leederville)

St Columa's Catholic Primary School (South Perth)

Perth College (Mount Lawley)








Public transport facilities include three train stations (Perth railway station, McIver railway station, Esplanade railway station) and two bus stations (Esplanade Busport and Wellington Street bus station), as well as the East Perth Terminal, servicing intrastate and interstate rail and bus services. The Barrack Street Jetty is the home of Transperth ferry services. Perth is served by three free CAT bus routes and a number of open and high rise public car parks.


Train Stations







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